The Bhutan Electricity Authority (BEA) was initially established as a functional autonomous agency as per Section 7 of the Electricity Act of Bhutan, 2001 to restructure and regulate the electricity supply industry,to allow private sector participation in the electricity supply industry based on the Policy approved by the Royal Government of Bhutan and to empower the Royal Government to create companies for carrying out all or any of the purpose of the Act.The BEA was however granted full autonomy by the Royal Government from January 2010. The Authority consists of four Commission members and a Chairman, appointed by the Minister as per the Electricity Act of Bhutan, 2001 and has a full-time Secretariat in Thimphu which is headed by a Chief Executive Officer, who is also the Member Secretary to the Authority.The functions of the BEA are:
- To develop regulations,standards,codes,principles and procedures.
- To process applications and issue, modify and revoke licences for generation,transmission,system operation,export, import,distribution and sale of electricity.
- To monitor the performance of licensees and their compliance with provision of this Act,regulations,standards, codes,licences and contracts approved by the Authority and concession agreements entered into between the Minister and Licensees.
- To determine, or approve tariffs proposed by the Licensees, and review existing tariffs.
- To prescribe and collect fees,charges or royalties from Licensees.
- To impose any fines,sanctions or penalties for any breach of provisions of this Act,regulations,standards,codes, licences or contracts to be approved by the Authority, and concession agreements entered into between Licensees and the Government.
- To establish a dispute resolution process and settle dispute between Licensees and between Licensees and customers relating to enforcement of this Act,regulations,standards,codes,licences or contracts to be approved by the Authority, and concession agreements entered into between the Minister and Licensees,or otherwise any other arrangement for settlement of disputes which are not determined by the mentioned legal instruments; and
- Any other duties or responsibilities delegated by the Minister.